Remembrance is the key to nostalgia and monuments are nostalgia of history. TT will take you to the lanes of these top 15 historical places in India : –
1. Taj mahal – one of the seven wonders of the world Tajmahal is the jewel of Indian monuments If you consider the top 10 historical places in India, the Taj Mahal will always be ranking high on the list. Explore the ultimate epitome of love, the Taj Mahal, whose grandeur remains unmatched. It took around 22 years to complete this magnificent structure that is considered one of the most famous historical places in India.
2. Agra fort – India the Red Fort was constructed over ten years from 1638 to 1648. This fort was constructed when Shah Jahan shifted the capital from Agra to Delhi and it was then known as the Qila-e-Mubarak. The Red fort was actually white as it was made of limestone. The British painted it red when the limestone started chipping off.
3. Qutub Minar – Delhi Regarded as the site of the first Muslim kingdom in northern India, the Qutub Minar is definitely one of the most historical sites in India. It is one of the finest examples of Indo-Muslim architecture as it is made up of red sand stone. It was named after Qutb-ud-din Aibak who was the first Muslim ruler of North India. The first mosque in India is also located at the foot of the Qutub Minar.
4. Humayun’s tomb A beautiful example of Indian and Persian architecture. Humayun’s wife Hamida Banu Begum authorized the construction of this tomb for her husband in the 15th century. Also, an interesting fact – Humayun’s Tomb was one of the main inspirations for the Taj Mahal.
5. Hawa Mahal, Jaipur The ‘Palace of Winds’ or Hawa Mahal gets its name due to the fact that it looks like a honeycomb, with its 953 intricate windows. It is also shaped like a crown as the ruler who built it, Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh, was a major devotee of Lord Krishna It was believed that this building was created so that the royal ladies could look outside as they were constantly under purdah
6. Khajuraho temples – mp Khajuraho has always been thought of as the place that portrays the sensuality and eroticism at its best, a lot of sculptures are inspired by the very famous book named Kamasutra. But let us tell you guys that this is a misrepresentation as only about 10 percent of the sculptures are sensual and the rest are common depictions.
7. Konark temple – Odisha Built by the great ruler of the Ganga dynasty – King Narasimhadeva I, with 1200 artisans, the Konark Temple is like magic set in multiple stones. Located on the coast of the Bay of Bengal, this temple signifies the small detailing of ancient architecture. The 12 wheels at the base of the temple are sundials that accurately shows the time.
8. Victoria memorial, Kolkata The Victoria Memorial in Kolkata is one of the most historical tourist places in India and was built during the peak of the British era in India. The Viceroy Lord Curzon came up with the idea of this monument but its actual design was laid down by Sir William Emerson. the lush green gardens, a museum filled with British architecture including weapons, paintings, sculptures, artifacts etc and a royal portrait of the Queen are what you will find in this beautiful monument
9. The infamous jalian wala bagh comes next – the bloody history of jalian wala bagh is known to almost everyone. The Jallianwala massacre took place near the Golden Temple in Amritsar. Covering around 6.5 acres, it is the place where General Dyer ordered a mass shooting on the day of Baisakhi. Thousands of innocents were laid down to death in this incident. It was one of the incidents that accelerated the fire of Independence revolution. A memorial was erected here on 13th April 1961 by the then president, Dr. Rajendra Prasad.
10. Golden temple – Amritsar One of the most famous Gurudwara in the entire world, Sri Harmandir Sahib is one of the important spiritual places in India. While it has been around for a long while, it was rebuilt with pure gold and marble in 1830 by Maharaja Ranjit Singh. Golden temple aaye aur pardasa nahi khaya? Not happening!! Each day, over a hundred thousand people partake the Langar here.
11. India gate – Delhi This 42-meter monument is often compared with Arch de Triomphe in Paris. Located on the Rajpath, it was designed by Edwin Lutyens. Dedicated to the 82,000 soldiers of both Indian and British descent who fought in World War One and 13,300 soldiers who were martyred in the 3rd Anglo-Afghan War, it was built in 1931 . It is the spot where Amar Jawan Jyoti – the eternal flame- continues to burn.
12. Amer fort – Jaipur Only 11 km from the Pink City Jaipur, Amer Fort is one of the most magnificent forts in India. Built by Maharaja Man Singh in 1592, it was truly the residence of kings. Another UNESCO site in the heart of Rajasthan Over 5 thousand people visit this fort every day, making it one of the most visited places in Jaipur.
13. Gateway of India – Mumbai Built as an access point for the entry and exit during the British period, the Gateway of India is one of the important places in India. This ancient gateway was completed in 1924 and was inaugurated by The Viceroy, the Earl of Reading. It has been reinforced over time using yellow basalt and concrete and has delicate lattice work all over the turrets Btw the last ship of Britain sailed for England from here itself.
14. Ajanta and Ellora caves – Aurangabad The Ajanta and Ellora caves depict true craftsmanship skills where each rock carving was done by hand. When British officer John Smith set out to chase a tiger in 1819, he would never have thought that he would uncover the majestic Ajanta caves. These 29 caves are full of sculptures and paintings that epitomize Buddha and various Jataka tales.
15. Hampi – the king town of monuments This UNESCO World Heritage Site is one of the most famous historical places in South India and was also the region where Vijayanagara’s main coin mint was situated. It is believed that Lord Rama and his brother visited this historical place to search for Sita. They took the help of the two brothers Bali and Sugriv who ruled this region then. Hampi’s rocky outcrops – chariot structures, gopurams, elephant stables, ornate halls – all depict the tale of one of the greatest Hindu kingdoms.